According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 1.3 million people die each year on the world’s roads. Therefore, the WHO has published its first road safety report, which looks into road safety in 178 countries worldwide.
The overall results show that road traffic accidents remain an important public health issue not to be underestimated, especially in low income countries. Pedestrians, cyclists and motor bikers make up almost half of deadly accidents on the road. Road traffic injuries make the ninth place of all causes leading to death behind heart diseases, infections, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, cancer etc.
In respect to Eritrea the report, which is based on data from 2007, reveals that Eritrean roads are not the safest in the world . In comparison with the 251.422.509 vehicles in the United States Eritrea has 60.840 registered vehicles on the roads.
Despite this low number of registered vehicles, the WHO report states that Eritrea has the deadliest roads in the world in terms of deaths per capita. The WHO estimation reveals that Eritrea has a death rate of 48 per 100.000 of population, which is higher than any other country when comparing on the same scale. For example the United States had a death rate of 14 per 100.000 of inhabitants.
Of the total road traffic fatalities in Eritrea 76% involve males and 24% females, which could be due to the fact that mostly male motorists sit behind the wheel in Eritrea. Nevertheless, the report shows also that transport safety in Eritrea is well organised and funded through government institutions. According to the report, Eritrea has a national road safety strategy with measurable national road safety targets.
Depending on the subject some Eritrean laws are better enforced than others, best enforcement ratings get the motorcycle helmet law (9 out of 10 points) and seat belt law (9 out of 10 points) followed by the speed limit law (7 out of 10 points) and drink and driving law (6 out of 10 points). The worst enforcement rating goes to the implementation of the child restraints law (2 out of 10 points).
The second deadliest roads in the world are in the Cook Islands with 45 deaths per 100.000 of population.