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Tony Blair has denied striking a “covert” deal with George Bush to invade Iraq at a private meeting in 2002 at the US president’s ranch.
Mr Blair said he had been “open” about what had been discussed – that Saddam Hussein had to be dealt with and “the method of doing that is open”.
He said he had told the US president: “We have to deal with his WMD and if that means regime change so be it.”
The former prime minister is being questioned by the Iraq inquiry.
THE STORY SO FAR…
In April 2002, with 9/11 still dominating the agenda, Tony Blair warns of Saddam Hussein’s weapons of mass destruction
Despite the biggest anti-war protest in British history, in March 2003 British forces join the US invasion of Iraq after efforts to get UN backing fail
With no weapons of mass destruction found attention switches to the way intelligence was used to justify war
The Hutton inquiry finds the government did not “sex up” dossier on Saddam’s weapons
But the Butler inquiry finds “serious flaws” in pre-war intelligence
And with public feelings still running high, Gordon Brown announces Chilcot inquiry to “learn the lessons” of the Iraq conflict.
Earlier witnesses have suggested that Mr Blair told Mr Bush at their April 2002 meeting at the ranch in Crawford, Texas, that the UK would join the Americans in a war with Iraq.
But Mr Blair said: “What I was saying – I was not saying this privately incidentally, I was saying it in public – was ‘we are going to be with you in confronting and dealing with this threat’.
“The one thing I was not doing was dissembling in that position. How we proceed in this is a matter that was open. The position was not a covert position, it was an open position.”
Pressed on what he thought Mr Bush took from the meeting, he went further, saying: “I think what he took from that was exactly what he should have taken, which was if it came to military action because there was no way of dealing with this diplomatically, we would be with him.”
Mr Blair also denied he would have supported the invasion of Iraq even if he had thought Saddam Hussein did not possess weapons of mass destruction (WMD), as he appeared to suggest last year in a BBC interview.
What he had been trying to say, he explained to the inquiry, was that “you would not describe the nature of the threat in the same way if you knew then what you knew now, that the intelligence on WMD had been shown to be wrong”.
He said his position had not changed, despite what reports of the interview had suggested.
Throughout the morning session, Mr Blair was at pains to point out that he believed weapons of mass destruction and regime change could not be treated as separate issues but were “conjoined”.
He said “brutal and oppressive” regimes with WMD were a “bigger threat” than a benign states with WMD.
He also stressed the British and American attitude towards the threat posed by Saddam Hussein “changed dramatically” after the terror attacks on 11 September 2001, saying: “I never regarded 11 September as an attack on America, I regarded it as an attack on us.”
IRAQ INQUIRY TWEETS
Blair says the ‘2010’ question should be asked – if he hadn’t acted Saddam might have developed and used weapons, killing a million people
0 minutes ago
A lot of finger pointing and gesticulating going on when discussing Hans Blix, the weapons inspector – Blair betrays frustration with him
4 minutes ago
Blair brings up Iraq Survey Group- expect him to rely on this later – it shows ‘extensive’ altho ‘fragmentary’ evidence of plans for WMD
11 minutes ago
Bush didn’t think 2nd resolution was needed but he was prepared to try to get one in Jan 2003
21 minutes ago
Blair says 1441 resolution was ‘very clear’ – a complete contrast to Lord Goldsmith who said it was not clear at all
24 minutes ago
The former PM said that the policy up to that point was one of “containment” but it was transformed into the view that Saddam had to be be “dealt with”.
“That completely changed our assessment of where the risks for security lay,” he said.
“And, just so we get this absolutely clear, this was not an American position – this was my position and the British position.”
At the meeting with Mr Bush in April 2002, the US president had “expressed his view that if we were not prepared to act in a really strong way we would run the risk of sending a disastrous signal to the world”, said Mr Blair.
Inquiry chairman Sir John Chilcot began the six hour question session by stressing that Mr Blair was not “on trial” but said he could be recalled to give further evidence if necessary.
Families of some of the 179 British service personnel killed in Iraq are watching the evidence with others said to be joining the 200 or so anti-war protestors outside.
Rose Gentle’s son, Gordon, was killed by a roadside bomb in Basra in 2004, while serving with the Royal Highland Fusiliers.
She said the families of the dead wanted closure and for Mr Blair to explain “in depth” to the families and and the public “why he went in” as she said he had never done that before.