Monday, Feb. 22, the 53rd day of 2010. There are 312 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1495 – French forces under King Charles VIII enter Naples in Italy.
1630 – English settlers in America discover how to make popcorn.
1759 – French abandon siege of Madras, India, on arrival of British fleet.
1819 – Spain cedes Florida to the United States.
1828 – Peace of Turkmanchai by which Persia cedes part of Armenia, including Yerevan, to Russia.
1848 – Revolt erupts in Paris due to failure of Louis Philippe’s reign.
1862 – American Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as Confederate President.
1879 – Frank Winfield Woolworth opens a 5-cent store in Utica, New York.
1924 – Calvin Coolidge delivers the first presidential radio broadcast from the White House.
1942 – Tribesmen in the Philippines wipe out a Japanese regiment during World War II.
1945 – U.S. Third Army crosses Saar River south of Saarburg, Germany, in World War II.
1964 – Ghana becomes one-party Socialist state.
1966 – Uganda’s Prime Minister Milton Obote orders five Cabinet members arrested and assumes full power.
1972 – Qatar’s heir apparent, Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, overthrows oil state’s emir Sheik Ahmed in bloodless coup.
1975 – Military government of Ethiopia announces that 2,300 guerrillas have been killed in fighting in Eritrea.
1980 – In a stunning upset, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeats the Soviets at Lake Placid, New York, 4-to-3.
1986 – Philippines armed forces break with the government of President Ferdinand E. Marcos, precipitating his downfall.
1990 – Last Stalin statue topples in Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator.
1991 – U.S. President George Bush demands that Saddam Hussein begin unconditional withdrawal from Kuwait by noon of following day or risk ground war with allied forces.
1992 – Shiite militias in Lebanon agree not to fire rockets into Israel, ending a week of heavy fighting with Israeli troops.
1993 – Artillery duels between Israel’s militia and pro-Iranian guerrillas kill a U.N. peacekeeper and a villager in southern Lebanon.
1994 – U.S. authorities say that the CIA’s former top Soviet spycatcher Aldrich Hazen Ames actually spied for the Soviet Union. He is later sentenced to life in prison.
1995 – France accuses five Americans of political and economic spying and orders them to leave the country.
1996 – Russia and the head of the International Monetary Fund reach a deal for a loan of more than $10 billion.
1997 – Fleeing fighting, 30,000 refugees from Rwanda and Burundi leave their refugee camp in eastern Zaire.
1998 – Tamil separatist rebel gunboats attack a 12-ship convoy carrying soldiers to northern Sri Lanka, killing up to 80 people.
1999 – Fighting flares in Kosovo between ethnic Albanians and the Yugoslav army as the deadline for peace talks in France nears.
2000 – Space shuttle Endeavor and its crew of six return to Earth with more than a week’s worth of radar images that will be transformed into the finest maps of the planet.
2001 – In a landmark human-rights decision, the U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia find three Bosnian Serb soldiers guilty of raping, torturing and enslaving Muslim women during the 1991-95 ethnic conflicts between the Serbs, Croats and Muslims in Bosnia.
2002 – Angolan officials say government troops killed Jonas Savimbi, leader of the rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), in a gun battle between soldiers and rebel members.
2005 – Icelandic immigration authorities agree to grant the former American chess champion Bobby Fischer a special passport for foreigners that would allow him to travel to Western Europe.
2006 – Insurgents disguised as police trigger bombs inside one of Iraq’s most famous Shiite shrines, destroying its golden dome and triggering reprisal attacks on Sunni mosques.
2007 – The U.N. nuclear watchdog announces findings that Iran has expanded its uranium enrichment program instead of complying with a U.N. Security Council ultimatum to freeze it, clearing the way for harsher sanctions against Tehran.
2008 – Turkish troops launch a ground incursion across the border into Iraq in pursuit of separatist Kurdish rebels, escalating Turkey’s conflict with the militants.
2009 – European leaders mount a united front against global economic crisis, proposing stricter market regulation and caps on executive salaries.
George Washington, first U.S. president (1732-1799); Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (1788-1860); Frederick Chopin, Polish composer (1810-1849); John Mills, British actor (1908-2005); Jonathan Demme, U.S. director (1944–); Drew Barrymore, U.S. actress (1975–); James Blunt, British singer (1977–).
By The Associated Press