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UN NEWS

The UN Security Council on Wednesday approved a new round of sanctions against Iran over its suspected nuclear programme.

The resolution was adopted by a vote of 12 in favour, two against- Brazil and Turkey and one abstention-Lebanon.

The representative of Brazil Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, in explaining its negative vote told the Council that the adoption of sanctions runs contrary to the successful efforts of Brazil and Turkey to promote a nuclear fuel swap.

” In doing so, we are honouring the purposes that inspired us in the efforts that resulted in the Teheran Declaration of 17 May. We will do so because we do not see sanctions as an effective instrument in this case. Sanctions will most probably lead to the suffering of the people of Iran and will play into the hands of those on all sides that do not want dialogue to prevail.”

United States representative to the United nations Ambassador Susan Rice says these new sanctions are as tough as they are smart and precise

” This resolution prohibits Iran from investing in sensitive nuclear activities abroad. It imposes binding new restrictions on Iran’s import of conventional arms. It bans all Iranian activities related to ballistic missiles that could deliver a nuclear weapon. It imposes a comprehensive framework of cargo inspections to detect and stop Iran’s smuggling and acquisition of illicit materials or nuclear items. It creates important new tools to block Iran’s use of the international financial system-particularly Iranian banks-to fund and facilitate nuclear proliferation. It highlights the potential links between Iran’s energy sector and its nuclear ambitions. It targets the role of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Iran’s proliferation efforts.”

The resolution also establishes a UN Panel of Experts to help monitor and enforce the implementation of sanctions. And it imposes targeted new sanctions, including asset freezes and travel bans, on 40 entities and an individual linked to Iranian nuclear proliferation.

For its part, Iran maintains that its uranium enrichment program is for peaceful civilian purposes.

Donn Bobb, United Nations Radio.

Sound bites

Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti

” In doing so, we are honouring the purposes that inspired us in the efforts that resulted in the Teheran Declaration of 17 May. We will do so because we do not see sanctions as an effective instrument in this case. Sanctions will most probably lead to the suffering of the people of Iran and will play into the hands of those on all sides that do not want dialogue to prevail.”

Duration: 00:00:28

Ambassador Susan Rice

” This resolution prohibits Iran from investing in sensitive nuclear activities abroad. It imposes binding new restrictions on Iran’s import of conventional arms. It bans all Iranian activities related to ballistic missiles that could deliver a nuclear weapon. It imposes a comprehensive framework of cargo inspections to detect and stop Iran’s smuggling and acquisition of illicit materials or nuclear items. It creates important new tools to block Iran’s use of the international financial system-particularly Iranian banks-to fund and facilitate nuclear proliferation. It highlights the potential links between Iran’s energy sector and its nuclear ambitions. It targets the role of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Iran’s proliferation efforts.”

Duration: 00:00:56