Human trafficking is the fastest-growing criminal business in the world, It ranks only second to drug trafficking in profitability, bringing in an estimated $32 billion annually.
What we do know is that traffickers practice the trade with relative impunity. In 2006 there were 5,808 trafficking prosecutions and 3,160 convictions worldwide, which would mean that one person is convicted for every 800 people trafficked.
In March 2004, eBay shut down sales when it discovered that three young Vietnamese women were being auctioned off, with a starting bid of $5,400. Their photos were displayed. The “items” were from Vietnam and would be “shipped to Taiwan only.”
In Bangkok, Thailand, a “baby factory” was discovered 2011 in which more than a dozen Vietnamese women were impregnated (some were raped), and their babies were sold for adoption. Whether or not the babies — unregistered, non-existent in the eyes of the law — were truly adopted, raised to be slaves or farmed out for body parts is not known.
According to various estimates, up to 80 per cent of the women and girls trafficked from Central, Eastern European and CIS countries to Western Europe are destined for the sex services market.
There are about 15,000 Russian and Eastern European women working in Germany’s red-light districts. Many work in brothels, sex clubs, massage parlours and saunas under the financial control of criminal groups from the Russian Federation,Turkey and the former Yugoslavia, according to a survey of the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
According to the United States State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report of 2004, the annual supply of women from Eastern, Central European and CIS countries to the sex industry of Western Europe has been between 120,000 and 175,000 since 1989.
Some European estimates suggest that, in 1990-1998, more than 253,000 women and girls were trafficked into the sex industry of the 12 EU countries. The overall number of women working as prostitutes in these countries has grown to more than half a million (Table 2).
In Vienna, almost 70 per cent of prostitutes come from Eastern Europe and CIS countries.
The sex industry in the EU member States has become one of the most lucrative businesses. In the Netherlands, where prostitution is legal, the sex industry generates almost US $ 1 billion a year.
Total annual revenues of traffickers are estimated to range from US $ 5 billion to US $ 9 billion.
Source – from major international media outlets
image Source – http://emaratiya.com
Statement by H.E. Mr. Osman Saleh Minister of Foreign Affairs
Statement by H.E. Mr. Osman Saleh Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Eritrea During The United Nations High-Level Meeting on the Appraisal of the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons Sixty Seventh Session of the UN General Assembly Agenda Item 103 (Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice) New York, 13 May 2013.
It is with a sense of pride and honor that I address this important and timely High-Level Meeting on Human Trafficking on behalf of a people, who for over two generations, have been on the front line of the struggle for dignity and human rights, for themselves and other peoples. At a personal level, it is a privilege and honor for me, as it is for many other Eritreans, to have participated in this just struggle, without remuneration, for two-thirds of my life.
The Eritrean people were among the first in the African continent to suffer from the brutal yoke of colonialism. Later, their human rights were violated again when they were denied the right to independent statehood that was recognized for other African peoples, simply because the powers of the day decided that their hegemonic interests required that Eritrea be placed under proxy colonialism. Eritreans did not bow down to this logic of force, nor were they cowered, but they responded with a successful thirty-year armed struggle for human rights that entailed the loss of 65 thousand martyrs, the disability of tens of thousands, the displacement of close to a million people and the destruction of the country and its economy.
As an independent and sovereign nation, Eritreans chose not to look to the past or seek reparations, but embarked to rebuild their country, when once again, they became victims of a second war of aggression that resulted in the loss of 20,000 Eritrean lives. Even though this senseless war came to an end with the signing of the Algiers Agreement and an international tribunal gave its ‘final and binding verdict ‘, 11 years on Eritrean sovereign territory remains under occupation in flagrant violation of the human rights of the Eritrean people and international law. Once again, those responsible, those who consider that ‘might is right”, have not been called to account and Eritreans continue to seek justice.
In an effort to silence the voice of the Eritrean people that has been calling for the respect of their sovereign and human rights, the perpetrators of the injustice, arrogating to themselves the role of accusers, witnesses and judges, imposed illegal sanctions on Eritrea in the name of the Security Council. Today, four years on, the fabrications that formed the basis for the sanctions have been exposed and it has become clear that there is no justification for maintaining them and yet, the injustices continue, which begs the question: where then are justice and human rights?
The Eritrean people, who have suffered the denial of self-determination, two wars of aggression, the occupation of sovereign territory and illegal sanctions, are now facing an additional assault on their human rights and their struggle for redress and justice-organized human trafficking. This barbaric crime is the latest tool in the ongoing attempt to drain Eritrea of its human resources, destroy the economy, impoverish the people and foment a crisis with the aim of violent “regime change.” But even as Eritrea and its citizens- particularly the targeted young people and women-suffer from this hideous crime and its formal request for an independent investigation goes unheeded, the perpetrators have the effrontery to accuse Eritrea of human trafficking. It is the classic case of a thief crying “thief to hide hi s transgression, but again where is justice and human rights?
Eritrea is strongly committed to fight human trafficking nationally, regionally and globally. It has undertaken concrete measures to prevent this crime from happening and mitigating its impact on victims. These include:
1. Enhancing awareness: Cognizant that public awareness about the crime of human trafficking and its many and ever changing manifestations is the first, important step towards its eradication, Eritrea has undertaken a comprehensive campaign strongly featuring trafficking victims, their families and communities.
2. Prosecution of Criminals: This is an important tool in Eritrea’s strategy of fighting crimes of human smuggling and trafficking. Law enforcement agencies and local communities are actively working in identifying and apprehending the perpetuators of these crimes and bringing them to justice.
3. Support to victims: Eritrea opposes any stigmatization of victims of human trafficking and provides them with all possible assistance. Eritrean diplomatic missions and communities in the countries of destination provide them with consular services and other assistance they may require. The government encourages them to visit their country or to return permanently and thousands of them have done so.
4. Regional and international Cooperation: It is the responsibility of states to enact and implement anti-human trafficking laws and ensure that no such crime goes unpunished. Yet, no state can win the fight alone. Collaboration between countries of origin, transit and destination is also vital to combat this crime. In this regard, Eritrea is closely coordinating its actions with Egypt, Sudan and other countries.
5. Calling for an impartial investigation: As I indicated earlier, in Eritrea’s case, the crime of human trafficking has become enmeshed with an externally-driven political agenda of destabilizing the country. It is not only a criminal network of human traffickers that Eritrea is contending with, but more insidiously, those who are using the traffickers as tools, those who are creating an enabling environment for the crime through generous funding, vicious propaganda, provision of safe havens and active destabilization. Eritrea has solid evidence that individuals and groups posing as “human rights defenders,” representatives of at least one UN agency and officials of some governments are implicated. This is why Eritrea has officially called on the United Nations to launch an independent and transparent investigation of this abominable affair so as to bring justice to Eritrean victims and to a country that is the target of a malicious, concerted and unlawful campaign. Such an investigation will also serve to expose and bring into account not only the criminals who ply their murderous trade for money, but also those ultimately responsible who cynically abet the crime in pursuit of an illegal and violent political agenda.
The fight against human trafficking is ultimately linked to the struggle for peace, stability and socio-economic development within countries and a fairer and more equal situation globally. Even as we pursue this comprehensive approach, however, we are all aware that human trafficking must be combated in the here and now. Moreover, there is a need to take concrete action, in the form of specific investigations into gross cases of human trafficking and the violation of human rights, with a view of bringing the perpetrators to justice. For their part, the people and government of Eritrea will steadfastly continue to build their nation and at the same time to expose and fight the human traffickers and their sponsors.
Thank you Mr. President